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These resources provide historical context and data demonstrating the history of structural racism in the Twin Cities.

digital map showing "racial covenants" on homes in MinneapolisMapping Prejudice (interactive maps & database)

The team behind this massive project consists of geographers, historians, digital humanists, and community activists and is based out of the University of Minnesota's Borchert Map Library. "Inspired by the idea that we cannot address the inequities of the present without an understanding of the past, Mapping Prejudice was created to expose the racist practices that reshaped the landscape of Minneapolis. People of color see how discriminatory practices cascade through their lives, erecting barriers that limit access to housing, credit, education, and wealth. But the resulting physical, emotional, and financial baggage has been harder to recognize for people who have not personally experienced racism. Mapping Prejudice seeks to make these burdens visible by locating them on a digital, interactive map. The project team was inspired by a desire to create the first-ever comprehensive map of racial covenants for an American community."

Image showing the title card for the documentary Jim Crow of the North, a Twin Cities PBS original.

"A Twin Cities PBS Original. Roots of racial disparities are seen through a new lens in this film that explores the origins of housing segregation in the Minneapolis area. But the story also illustrates how African-American families and leaders resisted this insidious practice, and how Black people built community — within and despite — the red lines that these restrictive covenants created."



image showing two yard signs in Minneapolis: 1. "All Are Welcome Here", 2. "Don't Bulldoze Our Neighborhoods. Change the 2040 Plan! MinneapolisIsForEveryone.orgMinneapolis Has a Bold Plan To Tackle Racial Inequity. Now It Just Has To Follow Through. - NPR

Excerpt: Racial covenants, which "barred any nonwhite resident from buying or living in the property... were attached to tens of thousands of homes across Minneapolis, carving inequity directly into the city's map and creating a foundation for one of the biggest racial wealth gaps of any major American city.

"In January, months before George Floyd's killing thrust racial inequity into the spotlight, Minneapolis enacted an ambitious plan in an attempt to address it. It changed land zoning citywide, acknowledging that the history of covenants created housing inequities that persist to this day.

"Minneapolis eliminated single-family zoning, becoming the first major American city to do so. The goal of the new zoning plan, known as Minneapolis 2040, is to create denser housing near transit and jobs, improving the supply and helping combat climate change.

"Still, to make the plan a reality, community groups say the city will have to make unprecedented new commitments to affordable housing. As the city seeks to rebuild trust with communities of color, they say housing equity and environmental justice are central, given how entrenched the disparities are."

photo of woman writing on whiteboard, the center of which says "Minneapolis 2040"Minneapolis 2040 

You can read all about the plan at its official website.