Why cite your sources?
When in doubt, cite!
When in doubt, cite!
Citing properly requires:
1. An in-text citation
When you use the work of another person, you must make note of this in the text. Do this by including an in-text citation which gives a brief reference and helps the reader locate the full citation that you'll include as part of your References list.
2. A list of works referenced
The last page of your paper is typically a list of resources you used/utilized/consulted.
APA Style, currently in its seventh edition, was developed by the American Psychological Association (APA). The style is commonly used in the fields of behavioral and social sciences. In addition to being one of the most popular style guides in academia, APA Style's most enduring legacy is its continually updated guidelines for reducing bias in language.
Template: AuthorLastName, F. I. (Year). Title. Publisher.
One author: Davis, A. Y. (2003). Are prisons obsolete? Seven Stories Press.
Multiple authors: Lewis, J., Aydin, A., & Powell, N. (2013). March: Book one. Top Shelf Productions.
Chapter in an edited book: Wright, R. (2011). High tide in Harlem: Joe Louis as a symbol of freedom. In J. Schulian & G. Kimball (Ed.), At the fights: American writers on boxing (pp. 68-74). Library of America.
Template: AuthorLastName, F. I. (Year). Title of article. Title of Journal, volume(issue), pages. DOI or URL.
Journal article (with DOI): McDonald, J. E., Faytol, A. L., Grau, P. P., Olson, J. R., Goddard, H. W., & Marshall, J. P. (2020). Compassion and values influence marital quality amongst couples in three U.S. states. Couple and Family Psychology: Research and Practice, 9(2), 59–72. https://doi.org/10.1037/cfp0000134
Journal article (no DOI): Ployd, A. (2020). What makes a martyr? The Movement for Black Lives and the power of rhetoric old and new. Journal of Ecumenical Studies, 55(1), 33-45.
Template: AuthorLastName, F. I. (Date). Article title (if applicable). Title of Website. URL
Template for videos: Author, A. A. (year, month day). Title of video [Video file]. Source. Retrieved from URL
Article on a website: Adeline, S., Hanzhang Jin, C., Hurt, A., Wilburn, T., Wood, D., & Talbot, R. (August 5, 2020). Tracking the pandemic: Are coronavirus cases rising or falling in your state? NPR. https://www.npr.org/sections/health-shots/2020/03/16/816707182/map-tracking-the-spread-of-the-coronavirus-in-the-u-s
Entire web site: News Literacy Project. (2020). News Literacy Project. https://newslit.org/
Video: University of Oxford. (2018, December 6). How do geckos walk on water? [Video]. YouTube. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qm1xGfOZJc8
You can use a citation manager like Zotero to organize your citations, take notes while you research, and create a rough draft of a bibliography. Find out more by looking at our Zotero Research Guide.
If you have more questions about Zotero and how it can help you with your research, please reach out to the library. We're happy to help!